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14b. The Christian Zodiac in Andreas Cellarius, Harmonia macrocosmica, 1661

In addition to providing two classical planispheres, Cellarius also included two others, copied from Schiller's atlas, that show the new Christian constellations; the reader is, in a way, given a choice between tradition and piety. The choice was apparently made in behalf of tradition, for if we do not count later editions of Cellarius' work, this marks the swansong (or should we say the cock's crow) of the Schiller constellations.

On this slight detail of the second Christian planisphere, we can make out six of the zodiacal saints, including St. Andrew with his crude cross, as well as the Sepulcher at the top, and the Red Sea plunging down to the bottom. All of these figures were taken from Julius Schiller, Coelum stellatum Christianum, 1627.

The other Christian planisphere, which shows the other half of the globe, contains a marvelous version of Noah's ark, which bears up well even in enlargement. To see a detail, and a comparison with the ark of Schiller, click here.

To see full page depictions of two of the planispheres, which show little detail but give an idea of the grand scale, click here.